An Adlerian Approach to Counseling African Americans Impacted by Mass Incarceration

African American communities have experienced a disproportionate rate of incarceration and engagement with the criminal justice system.  The African American experience with the criminal justice system has been detrimental to their psychological and physical health. Mental health problems among African Americans derive from conditions such as low socio-economic status, high unemployment rates and lack of resources.  The project outlines the trends and approaches critical to the development, and sustained system of mass incarceration reviews the psychological harm caused by mass incarceration on the African American community and offered Adler’s Individual Psychological as a culturally competent approach to effectively treating African Americans who have experienced incarceration.

Milfred Holmes
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