Use of Art Therapy to Build New Structures of Self-concept with ADD and Autism Spectrum Individuals

Determining with the use of Art therapy techniques the development of self-efficacy, improved personal expression and conscious integration of an improved self-concept for use with Learning Disabled (LD) individuals, specifically Attention Deficit (ADD) and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). A discussion of the behavioral overlays observed in learning challenges, issues of self-concept informed by disability, and the connections to divergent/convergent thinking. Use of selected art therapy interventions and review of literature that explores how art therapy aides to externalize stress, increases personal expression, provides key insights, and increases positive self-concept. Use of Art therapy directives as a projective method for exploring past themes and to externalize anxiety states, use of Mandalas for identifying beliefs about the self, accessing unconscious discourses that block mastery with narrative methods, construction of and use of Soul Collage cards for exploration of patterns and improved self-concept. Adlerian and Narrative methods, Thinking style measurements, Jungian transcendent imagination, selection of qualitative methods for particular problems of experiential phenomena and the difficulty of quantitative research (McNiff , 1998). Art Therapy techniques as experiential multi-model treatment methods with LD individuals.

Paula Ann Christiansen
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