The notion of being true to one’s self has been around for centuries and discussions of the concept of authenticity can be found across many disciplinary traditions. Although much has been discussed and written about being authentic or true to ones’ self, historical musings are broad and address different aspects of being authentic. Recent work in the fields of psychology and sociology has provided a clearer, cohesive and measurable description of the construct of authenticity. This paper provides a historical philosophical and psychological overview of the concept of authenticity, presents emerging themes within the construct, and outlines contemporary research that defines and measures it. Research on the correlation between authenticity and healthy psychological functioning is presented. This review also draws comparisons between the authenticity construct and Adlerian concepts and provides counseling implications.
To Thine Own Self be True: An Examination into the Construct of Authenticity
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