Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability among persons in the United States. Each year, an estimated 1.7 million Americans sustain a TBI. Because the overarching symptomatology of TBI encompasses biological, psychological, and social deficits, a spectrum of intervention to match those needs would be logically imperative to meet holistic therapeutic outcomes. This literature review covers the intrinsic modalities of intervention, which are informed by recent research in acute-phase stabilization, neurobiological assessment, neuroimaging, psychopharmacology, neurocognitive remediation, and psychotherapy. Previously, these modalities were held largely as separate treatment entities in the case of TBI. Yet, with advancement in more precise measurement, a deeper understanding of treating all phases of deficit in the individual in concert between the disciplines proves to yield better therapeutic outcomes for the individuals and their families.
Biopsychosocial Therapeutic Modalities in the Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury
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