Vascular dementia (VaD) is a widely known neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects a person‘s memory and daily life functioning. The purpose of the literature review was to identify independent risk factors involved in vascular dementia development. It was proposed that having a history of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) would elicit an increased occurrence of the stress response cycle. In conjunction, as PTSD symptoms accelerate and the stress response is retriggered repeatedly and consistently, then an individual is at risk of becoming hypertensive. Furthermore, when a person‘s blood pressure constantly increases overtime, his or her risk for cerebrovascular disease (CVD) as well as stroke(s) are elevated significantly. These risk factors become the catalysts that are implicated in the onset of vascular dementia. In sum, the evidence-based research discussed, provides reliable and valid information that supports the idea that PTSD and hypertension have a combined independent involvement in the developmental onset of vascular dementia.
Past Traumatic Events Unraveled: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Can Increase Hypertension and Vascular Dementia Development
Melissa Lynn Getzkin
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