Human trafficking, commonly referred to as modern day slavery, affects nearly 800,000 people annually. Victims of human trafficking are coerced into forced labor and sexual exploitation, oftentimes promised love and financial security. In 2000, the United States Congress enacted the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (VTVPA) to address this growing international issue. This act protects victims of trafficking and provides funding towards anti-trafficking efforts. Though this issue is being addressed at the federal and international levels to adopt policies, little research has been conducted on the day-to-day impacts on those who become victims of human trafficking. This paper seeks to examine the mental health impacts on victims, as well as the group characteristics of this clinical population and the characteristics of consumer countries and traffickers. In order to effectively meet the long-term consequences of human trafficking, it is recommended that emphasis in further clinical research be placed on identifying victims, the psychological impact of trafficking, and interventions that can aid victims in reclaiming their lives.
Please contact the author for a full copy of this project as it is in the process of being reviewed for a professional journal.