Closing the Black-White Achievement Gap: A Review of Literature and Suggestions for School Counselors

Public policy efforts to close the achievement gap between Black and White students since World War II have had mixed results and the problem still exists today. Recent legislation of No Child Left Behind indicates that the achievement gap is a persistent problem that may have lasting effects for many years to come if the gap is not closed in the near future. The paper begins with a brief history of the achievement gap between Black and White students following World War II leading up to the 21st century. Also, the author makes suggestions for how school counselors can play a role to narrow the gap using individual, small group, and classroom comprehensive school counseling techniques in the three school counseling domains including academic, peer/social, and career.

Joseph Kvamme
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PDF icon Kvamme MP 2010.pdf259.98 KB