A wide array of research has demonstrated that child maltreatment often results in trauma; a state of physiological, psychological, emotional, behavioral and/or sociological damage. It has also shown that such damage may result in a wide range of symptoms or disorders that can significantly affect the traumatized individual‘s life outcome. Many researchers focus on the effects of one type of abuse, but little research has focused on the commonalities between all forms of child maltreatment. This review includes literature that relates to all forms of child maltreatment, the current understanding of trauma and trauma development, common symptoms that may result, internal and external factors that influence symptomology and a review of diagnostic and therapeutic considerations for treatment.
The Effects of Exposure to Child Maltreatment: Trauma, Development, and Complicating Factors
Jennifer L. Leonard
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