Three Strategies That Will Influence a Reduction in the Achievement Gap

The academic achievement gap between majority and minority ethnic groups in the United States is one of the most discussed and debated issues in American education. Years of research have confirmed that low socioeconomic status is a predictor of low student academic achievement in the schools. Researchers have compiled and tested numerous strategies and interventions to reduce this achievement gap. New programs and strategies need to be established at all educational levels to reach the goal of reducing disparities in achievement. This researcher will investigate three strategies for early childhood, elementary reading, and class size reduction. This paper will identify the most effective interventions for reducing the academic achievement gap. Research indicates that the earlier interventions are implemented, the longer the test results show improvement, and so early childhood interventions will be examined here. Students who are behind in reading never seem to catch up, so reading and literacy programs will also be researched to determine the impact on higher reading and comprehension scores, therefore improving the achievement gap. The third factor is class size which can also have a significant impact on students‘ learning in the early years, and as they progress through school.

Sandy Appelt
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