This literature review examines the potential impact of motivation on the performance of subjects in athletics, business and corrections management. The review demonstrates that many factors impact the motivation of subjects to fulfill occupational and social tasks more effectively. Most studies cited here incorporate empirical methods, such as interviews, surveys, field studies and scales. Although these studies were published between 1985 and 2008, most statistically valid and reliable studies revealed that intellectual abilities had an effect on functioning, as well. In addition, many researchers found that belongingness had a strong correlation with motivation in all areas of occupational and social functioning. The need to belong is a powerful, fundamental prerequisite for motivated individuals to do well. Most investigators however, were less consistent about the manner in which specific group modalities or relationship “types” impact either the motivation to perform and fulfill different life tasks.
The Impact of Motivation on Performance
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