WEBINAR: Confabulation and the Criminal Justice System: A review for Forensic Professionals
This live webinar will focus on Confabulation and the Criminal Justice System: A review for Forensic Professionals. Confabulation is one of the most problematic memory phenomenon impacting the criminal justice, forensic, and legal systems. This phenomenon occurs when an individual creates or back fills a gap in their memory with a fictitious or imagined memory that may be partially based on real events, but taken out of chronological context (e.g., believing the memory occurred yesterday when in reality the memory took place many years prior). Confabulation is done without intent or motivation to deceive or lie. This can range from a slight distortion of an actual event to the nuanced generation of an intricate event.
The causal origins of confabulation are unclear, but the combination of cognitive impairments of several disorders (e.g., fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, schizophrenia, traumatic-brain injury, and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome) and a predisposition to suggestion could be integral in eliciting this phenomenon. Confabulation can also occur among individuals with no known history of neurocognitive impairment, resulting from an investigative interview or cross-examination by a legal professional. This can be particularly dangerous in the criminal justice and legal system because information elicited (and possibly confabulated) during police interviews and interrogations may be used to prosecute and convict a defendant.As such, training and education related to the impact confabulation has on criminal justice, forensic, and legal populations is a priority.
The webinar will clearly distinguish confabulation from other potentially related constructs (e.g., suggestibility, delusions, and malingering), review important background information and warning signs for confabulation, and identify strategies and techniques to decrease the likelihood of confabulation during legal processes.
In this 90-minute presentation, attendees will acquire knowledge from the latest research literature in four key areas.
- Describe different types of confabulation (i.e., spontaneous versus provoked) and distinguish these constructs from other important topics (e.g., suggestibility, delusions, and malingering) that can impact the validity of information acquired from suspects, witnesses, and defendants
- Analyze risk factors and warning signs for confabulation in criminal justice and forensic settings
- Describe a basic understanding of how to minimize the likelihood of confabulation during legal processes
Describe the latest empirical findings and discuss directions for future research on confabulation